Incandescent Lamp Invented

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Thomas Edison is given credit for inventing the incandescent electric lamp in 1879.

In addressing the question of who invented the incandescent lamp, historians list 22 inventors of incandescent lamps prior to Edison. They conclude that Edison’s version as able to outstrip the others because of a combination of three factors: an effective incandescent material, a higher vacuum than others were able to achieve and a higher resistance that made power distribution from a centralized source economically viable.

Historian Thomas Hughes has attributed Edison’s success to his development of an entire integrated system of electric lighting. The lamp was a small component in his system of lighting and no more critical to its effective functioning than the Edison Jumbo Generator, the Edison main power source and feeder, and the parallel distribution system. Other inventors with generators and incandescent lamps, and with comparable ingenuity and excellence, have long been forgotten because their creators did not preside over their introduction in a system of lighting. (from Wikipedia)

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First Motion Picture

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Thomas Edison showed the first motion picture this date in 1889.

In the early 1900s, most motion picture patents were held by Thomas Edison’s Motion Picture Patents Company in New Jersey, and filmmakers were often sued to stop their productions.

To escape this, filmmakers began moving out west, where Edison’s patents could not be enforced. Also, the weather was ideal and there was quick access to various settings. The 1910s saw the origins of Hollywood as the center of the American film industry. During the First World War, the film industries of Europe were devastated, and Hollywood replaced the French and Italian firms as the most popular filmmakers in the world. (me and Wikipedia)