Monopoly is a board game that originated in the United States in 1903 as a way to demonstrate that an economy which rewards wealth creation is better than one in which monopolists work under few constraints and to promote the economic theories of Henry George and in particular his ideas about taxation.
The current version is said to have been invented this date in 1933 and was first published by Parker Brothers in 1935. Subtitled “The Fast-Dealing Property Trading Game,” the game is named after the economic concept of monopoly—the domination of a market by a single entity. It is now owned and produced by American game and toy company Hasbro. Players move around the game-board buying, trading, or selling properties, developing their properties with houses and hotels, and collecting rent from their opponents, with the goal being to drive them all into bankruptcy, leaving one monopolist in control of the economy. Since the board game was first commercially sold in the 1930s, it has become a part of popular world culture, having been locally licensed in more than 103 countries and printed in more than thirty-seven languages. (from Wikipedia)