Gettysburg Address

The Gettysburg Address is a speech by President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the Civil War on the afternoon of this day in 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Abraham Lincoln’s carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, was one of the greatest and most influential statements of national purpose. In just over two minutes, Lincoln reiterated the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence and proclaimed the Civil War as a struggle for the preservation of the Union sundered by the secession crisis, with “a new birth of freedom,” that would bring true equality to all of its citizens. Lincoln also redefined the Civil War as a struggle not just for the Union, but also for the principle of human equality.

Beginning with the now-iconic phrase “Four score and seven years ago”—referring to the Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War, Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America’s representative democracy: that “government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” (from Wikipedia)

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Abraham Lincoln elected 16th President

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On this date in 1860, Abraham Lincoln beat John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas and John Bell to be elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.

There was already talk that if Lincoln were elected President, South Carolina might take the lead in seceding from the Union. His position on slavery is one of the central issues in American history.

Lincoln often expressed moral opposition to slavery in public and private. He believed that the extension of slavery in the South, Midwest and Western lands would inhibit “free labor on free soil.” He did not call for the immediate end of slavery everywhere in the U.S. until the proposed 13th Amendment became part of his party platform for a later election (1864). (Wikipedia and Cute Calendar)

Abraham Lincoln assassinated

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Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated this date on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, while attending a play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C., as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. The assassination occurred five days after the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army of the Potomac.

Lincoln was the third American president to die in office and the first to be murdered. The assassination of Lincoln was planned and carried out by the well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth, as part of a larger conspiracy in a bid to revive the Confederate cause. (from Widipedia)