Abraham Lincoln elected 16th President

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On this date in 1860, Abraham Lincoln beat John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas and John Bell to be elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.

There was already talk that if Lincoln were elected President, South Carolina might take the lead in seceding from the Union. His position on slavery is one of the central issues in American history.

Lincoln often expressed moral opposition to slavery in public and private. He believed that the extension of slavery in the South, Midwest and Western lands would inhibit “free labor on free soil.” He did not call for the immediate end of slavery everywhere in the U.S. until the proposed 13th Amendment became part of his party platform for a later election (1864). (Wikipedia and Cute Calendar)

Abraham Lincoln assassinated

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Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated this date on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, while attending a play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C., as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. The assassination occurred five days after the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army of the Potomac.

Lincoln was the third American president to die in office and the first to be murdered. The assassination of Lincoln was planned and carried out by the well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth, as part of a larger conspiracy in a bid to revive the Confederate cause. (from Widipedia)