U. S. Continental Navy


The Navy League of the United States organized the first Navy Day in 1922, holding it on October 27th because it was the birthday of President Theodore Roosevelt, who was a naval enthusiast. In 1923 over 50 major cities participated, and the U. S. Navy sent a number of its ships to various port cities for the occasion. The 1945 Navy Day was an especially large celebration, with President Harry S. Truman reviewing the fleet in New York Harbor.


In1949, Louis A Johnson, secretary of the newly created Department of Defense, directed that the U. S. Navy participation occur on Armed Forces day in May, although as a civilian organization the Navy League was not affected by his directive. They continued to organize Navy Day celebrations to suit themselves until it was discovered in the 1970s that the “birthday” of the Continental Navy was actually October 13, 1775. Admiral Zumwalt worked with the Navy League to define October 13th as the new date of Navy Day, though some still celebrate it later as originally organized. (me and Wikipedia)


First Oktoberfest


On this date in 1810, the first Oktoberfest was held in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.

Held annually, it is a 16-to-18 day folk festival, food, and traveling funfair that runs from mid or late September to the first weekend in October with visitors numbering more than six million from around the world. Other cities across the world also hold Oktoberfest celebrations modeled after the original Munich event.


It all began as a celebration when King Ludwig married Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen on October 12, 1810. The citizens of Munich were invited to attend the festivities held on the fields in front of the city gates to celebrate the royal event. Horse races were held on October 17th to honor the newlyweds. The precise origins of the festival and horse races remain a matter of controversy, but the decision to repeat the horse races, spectacle and celebrations in 1811 launched what is now an annual Oktoberfest tradition. (from me and Wikipedia)

Columbus Day


Columbus Day is celebrated in the U.S. on the second Monday in October and is about the discovery of the American continent by Christopher Columbus in 1492 looking for a shortcut to India or China (remember the rhyme from grade school: “In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue.”) Italian people in New York initiated celebrations in remembrance of their famous compatriot in 1866.

Although Columbus has long been considered the discoverer of American, today we know that is not true. Long before Columbus, people crossed the northern Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and obviously had to land on the American continent. Leif Eriksson is now considered the most likely discoverer of the American continent.

Ironically, Columbus never thought of himself as the discoverer of America. He was sure he had only discovered a new seaway to “las Indias,” the countries behind India (now called China). Because many Americans see no reason in being proud of the colonization of America and the exploitation of the native people by their ancestors, this holiday has been abolished in some places or renamed Indigenous People Day.  (me and Cute-Calendar.com)