United Nations opens headquarters in N.Y.

 

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The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization formed to promote international cooperation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. Headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster and armed conflict.

The U.N. opened its headquarters in New York City this date in 1952. Although it is situated in New York City, the land occupied by the United Nations Headquarters and the spaces of buildings that it rents are under the sole administration of the United Nations and not the U.S. government. They are technically extra-territorial through a treaty agreement with the U.S. government. However, in exchange for local police, fire protection and other services, the United Nations agrees to acknowledge most local, state, and federal laws. (from Wikipedia)

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Samuel Morse demonstrates the telegraph

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Samuel Morse was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy. On this day in 1838, he demonstrated the telegraph. (Wikipedia and cute-calendar.com)

The Brooklyn Bridge

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The Brooklyn Bridge is a hybrid cable-stayed/suspension bridge in New York and is one of the oldest bridges of either type in the U.S. Construction began this date in 1870 and was completed in 1883. It connects the boroughs of Manhattan and  Brooklyn by spanning the East River. It was the first steel-wire suspension bridge constructed. Since opening, it has become an icon of New York City and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964 and a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1972.

The bridge was built with numerous passageways and compartments in its anchorages. New York City rented out the large vaults under the bridge’s Manhattan anchorage in order to fund the bridge. Opened in 1876, the vaults were used to store wine as they were always at 60° F. This was called the “Blue Grotto” because of a shrine to the Virgin Mary next to an opening at the entrance. There’s no record of how long the vaults were used for this purpose. (from Wikipedia and cute-calendar.com)