the bra invented ….

The Dresden-based German Christine Hardt invented the first modern brassiere this date in 1899.

The term brassiere was used by the Evening Herald in Syracuse, New York, in 1893. It gained wider acceptance in 1904 when the DeBevoise Company used it in their advertising copy—although the word is actually Norman French for a child’s undershirt. Early versions resembled a camisole stiffened with boning.

Vogue magazine first used the term brassier in 1907 and by 1911, the word had made its way into the Oxford English Dictionary. On November 3, 1914, the newly formed U.S. patent category for “brassieres” was inaugurated with the first patent issued to Mary Phelps Jacob. In the 1930’s brassiere was gradually shortened to bra.

Wearing a garment to support the breasts may date back to ancient Greece. Women wore a strip of cloth called a “breast-band,” a band of wool or linen that was wrapped across the breasts and tied or pinned at the back

Fragments of linen textiles found in East Tyrol in Austria dated to between 1440 and 1485 are believed to have been bras. Two of them had cups made from two pieces of linen sewn with fabric that extended to the bottom of the torso with a row of six eyelets for fastening with a lace or string. One had two shoulder straps and was decorated with lace in the cleavage.

From the 16th Century, the undergarments of wealthier women in the Western world were dominated by the corset, which pushed the breasts upwards. In the later 19th Century, clothing designers began experimenting with alternatives, splitting the corset into multiple parts: a girdle-like restraining device for the lower torso, and devices that suspended the breasts from the shoulder to the upper torso. (from Wikipedia)

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Mt. Vesuvius Erupts

 

volcano-pompei ruins

Vesuvius Day commemorates the epic eruption that had destroyed historic Pompeii and caused the death of about 16,000 people. On August, 24th 79 AD Mount Vesuvius erupted surprisingly after centuries of dormancy and buried the towns around with all the people under a cloud of lava, stones and ash. Mount Vesuvius is still an active volcano in the Province of Naples in Italy and about 4,200 feet high.

The exact dating of Mount Vesuvius Day is possible for the letters of the Roman Pliny the Younger who documented the great eruption. The Italian name of Mount Vesuvius is Monte Vesuvio. Although the danger of another eruption continues to exist, the fruitful earth around the volcano is still the basis of existence for many people. (from www.cute-calendar.com)

 

Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is an artificial 51-mile long waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmua od Panama and is a conduit for maritime trade. Canal locks lift ships up to Gatun Lake, an artificial lake created to reduce the amount of excavation work required for the canal, 85 ft above sea level, and then lower the ships at the other end. The original locks are 110 ft wide. A third, wider lane of locks was constructed between September 2007 and May 2016, and the expanded canal began commercial operation on June that year, allowing transit of newer and larger ships, capable of handling more cargo.

France began work on the canal in 1881, but stopped due to engineering problems and a high worker  mortality rate. The United States took over the project in 1904 and opened the canal this day in 1914. One of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken, the Panama Canal shortcut greatly reduced the time for ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, enabling them to avoid the lengthy, hazardous Cape Horn route around the southernmost tip of South AMerica via the Drake Passage or Strait of Magellan.

Columbia, France, and later the United States controlled the territory surrounding the canal during construction. The U.S. continued to control the canal and surrounding Panama Canal Zone until the 1977. After a period of joint American–Panamanian control, in 1999, the canal was taken over by the Panamanian government and is now managed and operated by the government.

Annual traffic has risen from about 1,000 ships in 1914, when the canal opened, to 14,702 vessels in 2008, to more than 815,000 vessels in 2012. It takes 11.38 hours to pass through the Panama Canal. The American Society of Civil Engineers has called the Panama Canal one of the  seven wondes of the modern world. (from Wikipedia)

Going fishing …

Unsurprisingly,  people are supposed to go fishing on Go Fishing Day. Fishing is considered to be a peaceful activity: getting up early and going to a lake, river or beach for fishing; some people even like to spend a whole day outside, even if they don’t catch anything. Going fishing is a great opportunity to leave behind city noises, stress and the hectic pace of life and to spend a peaceful day outside and get in touch with nature. (from cute-calendar.com)

Father’s Day

 

HAPPY FATHER’S DAY!

Father’s Day is always celebrated the third Sunday in June.

This is a time to appreciate Dad and all he does for you. A father is more than the biological paternal source of our being. It is the person who cares and provides for us, who helps set standards, family values and sets an example. Stepfathers and other men willingly accept and cherish the role. Whether biological, adopted or informally, give your father figure recognition today. And call him “Dad.” (from Wikipedia)

And we should remember that there are many children who will not be able to celebrate Father’s Day because their fathers are serving their country elsewhere, and some will no longer have a father with which to celebrate the day.

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