Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights was enacted, amending the U. S. Constitution tomorrow, December 15th, in 1791. It is a list of the most important rights of the citizens, the purpose of which is to protect those rights against infringement from public officials and private citizens. (Below is a brief description of each article in the Bill of Rights)

 

  1. Prohibits Congress from making any law  respecting an establishment of religion, impeding free exercise of religion, infringing on freedom of  speech and of the press, interfering with the right to peaceable assembly or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances;
  2. Protects the right to keep and bear arms;
  3. Places restrictions on the “quartering” of soldiers in private homes without owner’s consent; prohibited during peacetime;
  4. Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures, and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause;
  5. Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy;
  6. Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, including rights to be notified of the accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel;
  7. Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases;
  8. Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment;
  9. Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution;
  10.  Reinforces the principle of federalism by stating that the federal government possesses only those powers delegated to it by the states or the people through the Constitution.  (from Wikipedia)

 

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Mt. Vesuvius Erupts

 

volcano-pompei ruins

Vesuvius Day commemorates the epic eruption that had destroyed historic Pompeii and caused the death of about 16,000 people. On August, 24th 79 AD Mount Vesuvius erupted surprisingly after centuries of dormancy and buried the towns around with all the people under a cloud of lava, stones and ash. Mount Vesuvius is still an active volcano in the Province of Naples in Italy and about 4,200 feet high.

The exact dating of Mount Vesuvius Day is possible for the letters of the Roman Pliny the Younger who documented the great eruption. The Italian name of Mount Vesuvius is Monte Vesuvio. Although the danger of another eruption continues to exist, the fruitful earth around the volcano is still the basis of existence for many people. (from www.cute-calendar.com)