Steamboat Willie premieres ….

Steamboat Willie, an animated short film directed by Walt Disney, debuted this day in 1928. The cartoon is considered to be the debut of Mickey Mouse and his girlfriend Minnie and was the first fully synchronized sound cartoon.

In 1994, members of the animated field voted Steamboat Willie 13th in the book The 50 Greatest Cartoons that listed the greatest cartoons of all time. In 1998 the film was selected for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry for being deemed “culturally, historically or aesthetically significant.” (from Wikipedia)

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Charles Darwin

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Charles Darwin, an English naturalist and geologist, is best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted in a process he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.

Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence this date, in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts. Darwin’s work established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. In 1871, Darwin examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex.

Darwin has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history and was honored by burial in Westminster Abbey.

Gettysburg Address

The Gettysburg Address is a speech by President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the Civil War on the afternoon of this day in 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Abraham Lincoln’s carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, was one of the greatest and most influential statements of national purpose. In just over two minutes, Lincoln reiterated the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence and proclaimed the Civil War as a struggle for the preservation of the Union sundered by the secession crisis, with “a new birth of freedom,” that would bring true equality to all of its citizens. Lincoln also redefined the Civil War as a struggle not just for the Union, but also for the principle of human equality.

Beginning with the now-iconic phrase “Four score and seven years ago”—referring to the Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War, Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America’s representative democracy: that “government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” (from Wikipedia)

Articles of Confederation

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The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among all thirteen original states in the United States that served as its first constitution. It was approved by the Continental Congress this date in 1777.  The formal ratification by all thirteen states was completed in early 1781. Government under the Articles was superseded by a new constitution and federal form of government in 1789.

Even unratified, the Articles provided a system for the Continental Congress to direct the American Revolutionary War, conduct diplomacy with Europe and deal with territorial issues and Native American relations. The new Constitution provided a much stronger federal government by establishing a chief executive (the President), courts and taxing powers. (from Wikipedia and cutecalendar.com)

Veteran’s Day

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Veterans Day is an annual, federal American holiday honoring military veterans. It is also celebrated as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in other parts of the world, the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice).

After World War II, the name of the holiday was changed to Veterans Day in the United States and to Remembrance Day in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Veterans Day due to the poem “In Flanders Fields.” These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I, their brilliant red color an appropriate symbol for the blood spilled in the war. It’s estimated that 20 million people died in World War II. (from Wikipedia and Cute Calendar)

 

U. S. Marines Day

 

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The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. It is one of seven uniformed services of the United States. Today they celebrate U. S. Marines Day.

Captain Samuel Nicholas formed two battalions of Continental Marines on this date in 1775 as naval infantry in Philadelphia. Since then, the mission of the Marine Corps has evolved with changing military doctrine and American foreign policy. The Marine Corps has served in every American armed conflict and attained prominence in the 20th Century when its theories and practices of amphibious warfare proved prescient and ultimately formed the cornerstone of the Pacific campaign of World War II.

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By the mid-20th century, the Marine Corps had become a major theorist and practitioner of amphibious warfare. Its ability to rapidly respond on short notice to expeditionary crises gives it a strong role in the implementation and execution of American foreign policy.  (from Wikipedia and www.cute-calendar.com)