FTC and USPO

xFederal Trade Commission

 

The Federal Trade Commission was established this date in 1914.

 

 

xpost office

On this date in 1789, the U. S. Postal Service was founded.

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POW-MIA

National POW/MIA Recognition Day is celebrated this year on September 21st, and always observed on the third Friday in September. It honors those who were prisoners of war and those who are still missing in action. This day was established by an Act of Congress, by the passage of Section 1082 of the 1998 Defense Authorization Act.

One of our most famous POW’s is the late Senator John McCain who died in August.

It is one of six days that the POW/MIA Flag can be flown. The POW/MIA flag was first recognized by Public Law 101-355 in 1990. The POW/MIA flag should fly below, and not be larger than the United States flag. It is generally flown immediately below or adjacent to the United States flag as second in order of precedence. (from Wikipedia, me, and www.cute-calendar.com)

Citizenship/Constitution Day

Citizenship Day, also known as Constitution Day, is a federal holiday in the U.S. and is observed on September 17th. On this day in 1787, the adoption of the United States Constitution was signed by delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. This event commemorates also all the people who are taking steps to become U.S. citizens and those who become citizens by coming of age or by naturalization.

The origins of this celebration goes back to 1940 when the day was called “I am an American Day” and celebrated on the third Sunday in May each year. Later the day was renamed Citizenship Day and moved to September 17th by the Congress.

The law establishing the holiday was created in 2004 with the passage of an amendment by Senator Robert Byrd to the Omnibus spending bill of 2004. Before this law was enacted, the holiday was known as “Citizenship Day.” In addition to renaming the holiday “Constitution Day and Citizenship Day,” the act mandates that all publicly funded educational institutions provide educational programming on the history of the American Constitution on that day. In May 2005, the United States Department of Education announced the enactment of this law and that it would apply to any school receiving federal funds of any kind. This holiday is not observed by granting time off work for federal employees.


When Constitution Day falls on a weekend or on another holiday, schools and other institutions observe the holiday on an adjacent weekday. Universities and colleges nationwide have created “U.S. Constitution and Citizenship Weeks” in order to meet the requirements of the law. (from Wikipedia and www.cute-calendar.com)

Star-Spangled Banner

xStar Spangled Banner

On this day in 1814, Francis Scott Key, an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, Washington, D.C., wrote the lyrics to the United States’ national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

During the War of 1812, Key, accompanied by a British Prisoner Exchange Agent, dined aboard a British ship as guests. They were there to negotiate the release of prisoners but were not allowed to return to their own sloop because they had become familiar with the strength and position of the British units and with the British intent to attack Baltimore. Thus, Key was unable to do anything but watch the bombarding of the American forces at Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore on the night of September 13-14, 1814.

At dawn, Key was able to see an American flag still waving and reported this to the prisoners below deck. Back in Baltimore and inspired, Key wrote a poem about his experience, which was soon published. A music publisher adapted it to the rhythms of composer John Stafford Smith’s “To Anacreon in Heaven,” a popular tune Key had already used as a setting for an earlier song.

Though somewhat difficult to sing, the song became increasingly popular, competing with “Hail, Columbia” (1796) as the de facto national anthem by the Mexican-American War and American Civil War.  More than a century after its first publication, the song was adopted as the American national anthem, first by an Executive Order from President Woodrow Wilson in 1916 (which had little effect beyond requiring military bands to play what became known as the “Service Version”) and then by a Congressional resolution in 1931, signed by President Herbert Hoover.  (from Wikipedia)

9/11 Anniversary

Poster for National day of Remembrance with September 911 memorial

Today is the 17th anniversary of the September 11 attacks (also referred to as 9/11), a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group called al-Qaeda on the U. S. on the morning of September 11, 2001. The attacks killed 2,996 people and injured over 6,000 others

Four passenger airliners—all of which departed from airports in northeastern states bound for California—were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda members. Two of the planes, American Airlines Flight No. 11 and United Airlines Flight No. 175, were crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. Within an hour and forty-two minutes, both 110-story towers collapsed, with debris and the resulting fires causing partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the World Trade Center complex, including the 47-story World Trade Center Tower, with significant damage to ten other large surrounding structures. A third plane, American Airlines No. 77, was crashed into the Pentagon, headquarters of the U. S. Department of Defense, in Arlington County, Virginia, leading to a partial collapse of the building’s western side. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight No. 93, initially was steered toward Washington, D.C., but crashed into a field in Stoneycreek Township near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after its passengers tried to overcome the hijackers. It was the deadliest incident for firefighters and law enforcement officers in the history of the United States, with 343 and 72 killed respectively.

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The destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure caused serious damage to the economy of lower Manhattan and had a significant effect on global markets, closing Wall Street until September 17 and the civilian airspace in the U.S. and Canada until September 13. Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002, and the Pentagon was repaired within a year. On November 18, 2006, construction of One World Trade Center began at the World Trade Center site. The building was officially opened on November 3, 2014. Numerous memorials have been constructed, including the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York City, partially pictured above, as well as the Pentagon Memorial in Arlington County, Virginia and the Flight 93 National Memorial in a field in Stonycreek Township near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

The day is also becoming known as Patriot’s Day or Remembrance Day.

(from me and Wikipedia)