London Underground opens

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The London Underground (also known by its nickname “theTube”) is a public rapid transit system serving Greater London and some adjacent parts of some counties in the United Kingdom.

The world’s first underground passenger railway system opened in London this date in 1863. The network has expanded to 11 lines and in 2015-2016 carried 1.34 billion passengers, making it the world’s 11th busiest metro system.

The system’s first tunnels were built just below the surface, using the cut and cover method. Later, smaller, roughly circular tunnels (which gave rise to its nickname “the Tube”) were dug through at a deeper level. The system has 270 stations and 250  miles of track. Despite its name, only 45% of the system is actually underground in tunnels, with much of the network in the outer environs of London being on the surface. In addition, the Underground does not cover most southern parts of Greater London, with less than 10% of the stations located south of the River Themes. (from Wikipedia and cute-calendar.com)

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United Nations opens headquarters in N.Y.

 

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The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization formed to promote international cooperation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. Headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster and armed conflict.

The U.N. opened its headquarters in New York City this date in 1952. Although it is situated in New York City, the land occupied by the United Nations Headquarters and the spaces of buildings that it rents are under the sole administration of the United Nations and not the U.S. government. They are technically extra-territorial through a treaty agreement with the U.S. government. However, in exchange for local police, fire protection and other services, the United Nations agrees to acknowledge most local, state, and federal laws. (from Wikipedia)

Samuel Morse demonstrates the telegraph

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Samuel Morse was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy. On this day in 1838, he demonstrated the telegraph. (Wikipedia and cute-calendar.com)