Articles of Confederation

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The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among all thirteen original states in the United States that served as its first constitution. It was approved by the Continental Congress this date in 1777.  The formal ratification by all thirteen states was completed in early 1781. Government under the Articles was superseded by a new constitution and federal form of government in 1789.

Even unratified, the Articles provided a system for the Continental Congress to direct the American Revolutionary War, conduct diplomacy with Europe and deal with territorial issues and Native American relations. The new Constitution provided a much stronger federal government by establishing a chief executive (the President), courts and taxing powers. (from Wikipedia and cutecalendar.com)

Veteran’s Day

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Veterans Day is an annual, federal American holiday honoring military veterans. It is also celebrated as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in other parts of the world, the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice).

After World War II, the name of the holiday was changed to Veterans Day in the United States and to Remembrance Day in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Veterans Day due to the poem “In Flanders Fields.” These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I, their brilliant red color an appropriate symbol for the blood spilled in the war. It’s estimated that 20 million people died in World War II. (from Wikipedia and Cute Calendar)

 

U. S. Marines Day

 

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The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. It is one of seven uniformed services of the United States. Today they celebrate U. S. Marines Day.

Captain Samuel Nicholas formed two battalions of Continental Marines on this date in 1775 as naval infantry in Philadelphia. Since then, the mission of the Marine Corps has evolved with changing military doctrine and American foreign policy. The Marine Corps has served in every American armed conflict and attained prominence in the 20th Century when its theories and practices of amphibious warfare proved prescient and ultimately formed the cornerstone of the Pacific campaign of World War II.

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By the mid-20th century, the Marine Corps had become a major theorist and practitioner of amphibious warfare. Its ability to rapidly respond on short notice to expeditionary crises gives it a strong role in the implementation and execution of American foreign policy.  (from Wikipedia and www.cute-calendar.com)

Giant Pandas discovered

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The giant panda, also known as panda bear or simply panda, was discovered this date in China in 1927. The name giant panda is sometimes used to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda’s diet is over 99% bamboo. Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers or even meat in the form of birds, rodents or carrion. In captivity in addition to bamboo, they receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges and bananas.

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The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China. As a result of farming, deforestation and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived. Population estimates vary, but there are anywhere from 1,590 to 3,000 giant pandas left in the wild, and the giant panda has been upgraded to a conservation vulnerable species. Due to the captive breeding program at home, the Chinese have won the gratitude of people everywhere for loaning out their pandas to zoos in other countries.  (from me and Wikipedia)

xx-panda-red For comparison purposes, this is a red panda (not related to giant pandas).