The giant panda, also known as panda bear or simply panda, was discovered this date in China in 1927. The name giant panda is sometimes used to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda’s diet is over 99% bamboo. Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers or even meat in the form of birds, rodents or carrion. In captivity in addition to bamboo, they receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges and bananas.
The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China. As a result of farming, deforestation and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived. Population estimates vary, but there are anywhere from 1,590 to 3,000 giant pandas left in the wild, and the giant panda has been upgraded to a conservation vulnerable species. Due to the captive breeding program at home, the Chinese have won the gratitude of people everywhere for loaning out their pandas to zoos in other countries. (from me and Wikipedia)
For comparison purposes, a red panda (not related to giant pandas).