On this date in 1860, Abraham Lincoln beat John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas and John Bell to be elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.
There was already talk that if Lincoln were elected President, South Carolina might take the lead in seceding from the Union. His position on slavery is one of the central issues in American history.
Lincoln often expressed moral opposition to slavery in public and private. He believed that the extension of slavery in the South, Midwest and Western lands would inhibit “free labor on free soil.” He did not call for the immediate end of slavery everywhere in the U.S. until the proposed 13th Amendment became part of his party platform for a later election (1864). (Wikipedia and Cute Calendar)