E.T. the Extra Terrestrial is a 1982 American science fiction fantasy co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Melissa Mathison. It was Drew Barrymore’s first appearance. It tells the story of Elliott, a lonely boy who befriends an extra terrestrial, dubbed “E.T.”, who is stranded on Earth. He and his siblings help it return home while attempting to keep it hidden from their mother and the government.
The concept was based on an imaginary friend Spielberg created after his parents’ divorce in 1960. In 1980, Spielberg met Mathison and developed a new story from the stalled sci-fi horror film project Night Skies. It was shot from September to December 1981 in California on a budget of US$10.5 million. Unlike most films, it was roughly shot in chronological order to facilitate convincing emotional performances from the young cast.
Released this date in 1982 by Universal Pictures, E.T was an immediate blockbuster, surpassing Star Wars to become the highest-grossing film of all time—a record it held for eleven years until Jurassic Park, another Spielberg-directed film, surpassed it in 1993. Widely regarded as one of the greatest films of all time, critics acclaimed it as a timeless story of friendship. In 1994, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.” It was re-released in 1985 and then again in 2002 to celebrate its 20th anniversary, with altered shots and additional scenes. (from Wikipedia)