Sherlock Holmes appeared for the first time in print in A Study in Scarlet this date in 1887. Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Homes is known for a proficiency with observation, forensic science and logical reasoning, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients. The character’s popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine in 1891. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian periods. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes’s friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who usually accompanies Holmes during his investigations and often shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, London, where many of the stories begin.
Though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the most well-known, listed by Guinness World Records as the “most portrayed movie character” in history. Holmes’ popularity and fame are such that many have believed him to be not a fictional character, but a real individual. The stories and character have had a profound and lasting effect on mystery and popular culture. (from Wikipedia)